Mar 15, 2011

Pelabuhan Sunda Kelapa - Part 1

Pelabuhan Sunda Kelapa ( Port Sunda Kelapa )

I had a chance to go to Pelabuhan Sunda Kelapa, an old port at the northern Jakarta. That day I didnt have work to do, weather is good, so just drive to nothern site. I parked my car in Kota Tua (an area of old building builded long time before independence day. From here i rent a bicycle and ride along, Its not far, only about 15 minutes.
So here the history of the old port, taken from wikipedia

Sunda Kelapa is the old port of Jakarta located on the estuarine of Ciliwung River. "Sunda Kalapa" (Sundanese: "Coconut of Sunda") is the original name, and it was the main port of Sunda Kingdom of Pajajaran. The port is located in Penjaringan sub-district, of North Jakarta, Indonesia. Today the old port only accommodate pinisi, a traditional wooden sailing ship serving inter-island freight service in the archipelago. Although it is now only a minor port, Jakarta had its origins in Sunda Kelapa and it played a significant role in the city's development.

According to the Chinese source, Chu-fan-chi, written circa 1200, Chou Ju-kua identified the two most powerful and richest kingdoms in the Indonesian archipelago as Srivijaya and Java (Kediri). According to this source, in the early 13th Century, Srivijaya still ruled Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, and western Java (Sunda). The source identifies the port as strategic and thriving, as pepper from Sunda being among the best in quality. The people worked in agriculture and their houses were built on wooden piles (rumah panggung). However, robbers and thieves plagued the country.

From 13th to 16th century Sunda kelapa was the main port of Sunda Kingdom. The port served the capital, Pakuan Pajajaran, located about 60 km inland south, along Ciliwung river hinterland, now the city of modern Bogor. The port thrive on international spice trade especially pepper, the main spice produced of Sunda Kingdom. Sunda Kelapa, together with Aceh and Makassar, were one of the few Indonesian ports that maintained ties with Europe.

Well, its time to ride back to Kota Tua and find a meal, its getting hotter, too glare and i was sweat enough. I'll be back with my fotohunter fellows.

to be continued to part 2...


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