Pabrik Gula Pangka or PG Pangka (Pangka Sugar Mill or Factory) in Pangkah, Tegal was build in 1832 by: NV MIJTOT EXPLOITATIE dert SUIKER Fabriken and managed by Kozy AND SUCIER based in Surakarta. Thousands of people work as employees for The Dutch government. They were forced to work without pay and less food to build and run the plant at the time.
Sugar production and trade has changed the course of human history in many ways. It influenced the formation of colonies, the perpetuation of slavery, the transition to indentured labour, the migration of peoples, wars between 19th century sugar trade controlling nations and the ethnic composition and political structure of the new world.
Under Undang Undang 86 tahun 1958 (Act) and Government Regulation PP No.19/1959 have been taken over or nationalized by the Government of Indonesia to Pusat Perkebunan Negara Baru (PPN) stipulated in Government Regulation PP No.24/1958 and No.229/UM/57 Ministerial Decree on December 10, 1957. Now it 's managed under the State Enterprise PTP. Nusantara IX (Limited) PG Pangka.
PG Pangka absorb quite a lot of workers who come from the surrounding community. Despite hundreds of years old, the manager still doing maintenance to maintain shape of the original. They still use the old steam engines made in colonial era.
their motto is "work with spirit and get home safely"
For transport operations they still use the cane train tracks were built around 1915 using steam locomotives. Locomotives with fuel from bagasse and wood is still being used as a carrier of the sugar cane from plantations. It attracted tourists mainly from Europe to visit in order to learn the history and enjoy the uniqueness of this plant which is very rare to be found in their country.
Sugarcane is a giant grass and has been cultivated in tropical climates in the Far East since ancient times. A great expansion in its production took place in the 18th century with the setting up of sugar plantations in the West Indies and Americas.
Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is a perennial grass in the family Poaceae. It is cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions for the sucrose that is found in its stems. It requires a frost-free climate with sufficient rainfall during the growing season to make full use of the plant's great growth potential.
The crop is harvested mechanically or by hand, chopped into lengths and conveyed rapidly to the processing plant. Here it is either milled and the juice extracted with water or the sugar is extracted by diffusion.
old locomotive carry sugar cane into the plant
grinded into small pieces..
many giant wheels..
a gear wheel.
It grind them all.
powered by an old steam engine made in 1917
old machine work well
There are 9 stations inside plant operation are: boiler, grinder, purification (sugarcane juice), evaporation, cooking, cooling, workshop, rotation, and electricity.
The juice is then clarified with lime and heated to kill enzymes. The resulting thin syrup is concentrated in a series of evaporators after which further water is removed by evaporation in vacuum containers. The resulting supersaturated solution is seeded with sugar crystals and the sugar crystallizes out, is separated from the fluid and dried. Molasses is a by-product of the process and the fibre from the stems, known as bagasse, is burned to provide energy for the sugar extraction process.
selection and analysis material prior to sugar
all waste could be used as a fuel for steam locomotives
it looks like for final processing, they already upgrade to modern machines for efficiency and speed
The crystals of raw sugar have a sticky brown coating and can either be used as they are or can be bleached by sulphur dioxide or treated in a carbonatation process to produce a whiter product
here they are.
weighing before distribution
For maintenance and repair, they're equiped with a fairly modern machine
including repairing old locomotives
To support the tourism, with the local government they provide tourist train locomotive moving surrounding near factory area.
This little train formerly used by the administrator to go around the factory and plantation.
loco being repaired
they repair all gear wheel
unused gear wheel.
This two floors house was formerly a place of the Manager and the Dutch army officer held a meeting to discuss company issues and security during the colonial period. Especially for leaders or great men, so-called Rumah Besaran meaning house for Great people. The house was designed by Dutch architect named Halbossh. Now it is occupied by the officials who led the PG Pangka or referred as Administratur (Administrator)
On the way back, we saw a three wheeler bike carrying tables.. tough man.
HTGT How To Get There
The building stands in an area of 2.975 hectares in the village of Pangkah, District Pangkah, Tegal regency, Central Java Province , Indonesia.
Elevation: 198 ft
From Tegal take route to Jogyakarta and turn left before entering the sub-district Slawi towards Pangkah. Follow the signposts.
TEGAL 15 km (45 minutes drive) Waduk Cacaban : 6km (20 minutes drive)
PG Pangka, Waduk Cacaban and Guci are three best spot to be visited in Tegal.
ENJOY FACTORY TOUR
To gain access / entry into the plant, take tours, you should contact the following address below. Group tour is preferable.
PTP. NUSANTARA IX (Persero) PG PANGKA Jl. Raya Pangkah - Slawi - Tegal 52471 Telp:(0283) 6195550, Fax: (0283) 6195545
For me, it was unbelievable experience. It felt like being in the colonial era. So interesting.
Staying in Tegal is the best way to reach PG Pangka, Waduk Cacaban and Taman Wisata Air Panas Guci.