May 13, 2013

Dangerously Beautiful Krakatau

Krakatau or Krakatoa (English: Krakatoa), is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is also used for the surrounding island group and the volcanoes as a whole. The Krakatoa volcanoes erupted and exploded in 1883, causing massive tsunamis while simultaneously destroying over two-thirds of Krakatoa island.



HISTORY
The most notable eruptions of Krakatoa culminated in a series of massive explosions over August 26–27, 1883, which were among the most violent volcanic events in recorded history. With an estimated Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6, the eruption was equivalent to 200 megatons of TNT (840 PJ) — about 13,000 times the nuclear yield of the Little Boy bomb (13 to 16 kt) that devastated Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II, and four times the yield of Tsar Bomba (50 Mt), the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated.

The 1883 eruption ejected approximately 21 km3 (5.0 cu mi) of rock, ash, and pumice. The cataclysmic explosion was heard in Perth in Western Australia, about 1,930 miles (3,110 km) to the south, as well as the island of Rodrigues near Mauritius, about 3,000 miles (4,800 km) to the west.

According to the official records of the Dutch East Indies colony, 165 villages and towns were destroyed near Krakatoa, and 132 were seriously damaged. At least 36,417 people died, and many more thousands were injured, mostly from the tsunamis that followed the explosion. The eruption destroyed two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa.

Eruptions in the area since 1927 have built a new island at the same location, named Anak Krakatau (which is Indonesian for "Child of Krakatoa"). Periodic eruptions have continued since, with recent eruptions in 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012. As of late 2011, this island has a radius of roughly 2 kilometres (1.2 mi), and a high point of about 324 metres (1,063 ft) above sea level, growing 5 metres (16 ft) each year.


TRIP TO ANAK KRAKATAU
Child of Krakatoa is a very interesting destination to visit. Although often stated as an Alert status, the mountain is still invite our curiosity to visit it. We can climb almost to the peak, and there are a lot of snorkeling spot surround its area.


HTGT - How To Get There
Trip to the Child of Krakatau takes 9-10 hours from Jakarta. Began with a bus ride from Terminal Kampung Rambutan (bus station) to the port of Merak. Then the Ferry ride across the Sunda Strait to the Port Bakauheni. Continued to Pier Canti by mini van transport (called;Angkot) for an hour. This pier is the closest location to reach the Series of the islands around Krakatau. To reach these islands it takes 2-3 hours by Boat.

You can drive your own vehicle from jakarta and directly to Pier Canti via the same route. The simplest way, there are a lots of travel agent in Jakarta which offers Krakatau Trip packets with a low cost.

This time I joined trip with fellow backpackers and photographers which organized by ITA (Indonesia Travel Adventure) for 2 days and 3 nights trip.


DAY 1 - Friday night
Our meeting point was at Terminal Kampung Rambutan (Kampung Rambutan bus station). At 10 pm, we rode a bus to Pelabuhan Merak in Banten province for 2.5 hours. Onboard to Ferry leaving for Pelabuhan Bakauheni in Lampung province for 2.5 hour. Arrived in the early morning, we took Angkot (mini van public transport) to Dermaga Canti for 1 hour ride.

Arrived at 6:00 am at Dermaga Canti, had some rest, take a bath and breakfast at Warung Makan (small traditional restaurant serving local meal)


DAY 2 - Saturday
view from dermaga Canti (Canti Pier)


Many boat serving trip to Krakatau over the weekend. Dermaga Canti, a traditional Pier for local sailor.


Parking is available at the pier for several cars with a daily parking fee. The yellow mini van in the pic is the Angkot.


Local people offering Snorkeling gear to be rented. We suggest to bring your own gears for the quality and comfort.


Leaving Canti, we started to see many island surrounding


nice weather for the trip


cloudy but still nice


relax and enjoy


All boat equipped with life vest


tranquil..


island and hills


felt alone


in a sunny and hot day..


we stopped for a while for snorkeling activity




Finally we arrived at 11 AM at Sebesi. The island inhabited by local residents.


small pier at Sebesi island


We set up tent on the beach. There is also guest house or inn operated by local resident.


comfort enough. Tent provided by trip organizer.


goats watching..


quiet and peaceful..


became a photography spot


After having lunch and rest for a while, we got ready and set out to do snorkeling activities.


there're so many amazing place to stop by


Umang-umang island is a good place for snorkeling while waiting for Sunset


Two times snorkeling in a day, that' enough. We  head back to Sebesi island, cleaned ourselves, had dinner and slept earlier for dawn activities.


TOWARD CHILD of KRAKATAU
DAY 3 - Sunday
Woke up at 3am, get prepared to sail to gunung Anak Krakatau at 4am. Continuing our sleep along the 2 hours boat ride. Don't forget to wear jacket. Its so cold and windy.


several boats already anchored at the beach of Anak Krakatau when we got there.


watch your step off the boat..


There is a volcano monitoring post in the island. The officer will tell you the preparation to climb up to the top and what is forbidden to be done along the way for your own safety and nature conservation. You need to bring mask in case the mountain erupting any poisonous gas.



Another boat anchored in before we leave to the top


Start heading to the top.


Its 330m height asl. We can climb up to a stable place before the top. The safest place allowed by the authorities. It took 30-45 minutes for normal people to get there. Not recommended for people with asthma and heart problem.


Don't push yourself up, stop every moment to catch your breath. That's what the officer said. Thats very true.


Finally we got there. The crater was erupting small amount of material and gas all the time


From Anak Krakatau, we saw his mother. Gunung Krakatau in the distance. A legendary mountain.


After taking several pictures and had rest. We head back down to the post.




Right up to the boat toward snorkeling spot. Breakfast was provided in the boat along the way. After 1 hour we arrived. It was a nice place. The sea was so clear and clean. Another boats joined in.


jump and swim around


An hour later, we headed back to Sebesi island watching amazing view along the way


Thank God for nice weather. We arrived at Sebesi island at 12:00pm. Packed up, lunch and got ready to sail back to Dermaga Canti at 14:45 pm


Cloudy, but nice view


Almost there..


Arrived at Dermaga Canti at 16:15


At 16:30, we took Angkot mini van back to Pelabuhan Bakauheni for 1 hour ride. 18:00 we already on board to Ferry and arrived at 21:00 at Pelabuhan Merak.  We had'nt had dinner yet. Instant noodles availabe on the ship, but i chose to find another meal at Pelabuhan Merak.
At 23:00, we rode a bus back to Jakarta (Kampung Rambutan bus station) and arrived at 2:00 AM.


SUMMARY
So wonderful experience. Dangerous but Beautiful..!!

Reference
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krakatoa

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